CMR is developing robots capable of performing up to 90 per cent of all keyhole surgeries, making them more universal and affordable.

The precision of the system is said to have great potential for reducing recovery time, which would benefit hospitals should it gain the appropriate regulatory approval and come to market in 2018 as planned.

See more of our 101 tech start-up disrupters here.

And check out our 101 rising stars of tech – the exciting firms which did not make the main list but have the potential to grow.